The MHE Story     

Let’s first start with some background to do with Fire/Flame Retardants (FR) and current ‘chemical’ FR issues and FR chemical additives before we discover the special MHE ‘story’ of becoming the world first organic toxin-free FRs…

So what are FRs and how do they work?

FRs are chemical additives applied on combustible host materials such as PU-Foam, soft PVC, PVC-film, Polyamide, Polyester Fibre, Polyolefins, Polycarbonate, Latex, Wood, Fibre Board, Cellulose Fibre, Cell-Wool, Kraft-Paper, Canvas, Viscose, Cotton, Other Textiles (natural & non-woven), Cassava (natural), EPDM Rubber, Adhesives, to name a few. The mission is to achieve a time delay, regarding the FR treated host material, before it begins to decompose, due to fire. Ideally the time delay is be at least 6 minutes.

Currently in the International FR Industry, to achieve this necessary time delay, cooling agents (i.e. ATH; Magnesium di-hydrate) are frequently used. Cooling agents consume heat energy (endothermic chemical processes) and are mainly used as surface top coating layers, or integrated to the host material, as an inert filler material. Inert chemicals do not react with other materials, especially not with the host material.

What are Reactive and Inert FRs?

Today, in general, FRs are inert materials, added to host materials, like a filler material. A few FR, available on the global business market, are reactive. Reactive, hereby means that a chemical reaction takes place. Ideally, reactive FRs are tailor made to chemically fit the host material, without an impact on the host material mechanical property.

Both reactive and inert FRs start to decompose at the similar temperature as the host material. The reason for that is to release suitable chemicals from the FR to capture released chemicals from the treated host material. The capture takes place in the gas phase, or by an intumescent chemical process, at decomposition.

Currently FR based on halogens, organo-phosphorus esters, sulfenamides, ammonium compounds (i.e. proteins) etc., all generate most harmful gas at decomposition. And there are no known materials that don’t decompose in contact with strong heat energy. Which means the added FR, reactive or inert, has to begin decompose in the same temperature range as the FR treated host material in target. Otherwise, the FR is a cooling agent, consuming heat energy, and then a little bit longer than the FR treated host material in the target. Meanwhile they don’t reduce the combustion by reacting with the released chemicals at the host material decomposition. Which means when the cooling agent decomposes no functionality exist.

So what are the problems with these FRs?

Due to the above, halogens generate gas molecules, quite similar in chemical structure to some human hormones. And using this as an example, that makes it difficult for the human body to identify “the stranger” from those that belong to the human body and causes severe health problems by negatively interfering in the human body.

Similarly, the current ‘chemical’ FRs generate some very harmful gas at decomposition, creating for example, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, ammonia, etc. Not a preferred or required ideal result as these also causes severe health problems by negatively interfering in the human body.

So where are we now with FRs?

With the above summary in mind, it might now be easier to understand the complexity of developing cost-effective, absolute toxic-free, eco-friendly fire/flame retardant chemical additives. Many FR producers claim to have developed non-toxic eco-friendly products, yet in reality this is not totally correct due to the toxicity issues of chemicals, fumes, etc.

Looking at FR scientific literature research you’ll come across knowledge about how all FR more or less are based on the same idea. They only differed regarding the choice of raw materials in use. Which means FRs development based on brom (ICL) and chlorine (Clariant) have dominated the FR business market, followed by ammonium compounds and organo-phosphorus compounds. Of course, borax in combination with ammonium-polyphosphate and ATH respectively Magnesium di-hydrat also represented more of a type of cooling agents.

And what about recent events with FRs?

Recently, sulfenamides and phosphor-amides have been marketed as new harmless FRs. The same was noticed regarding EDA-DOPO (EMPA), said to be non-toxic. Paxymer is another polymer aimed to be a non-toxic FR.
What they all claim is that their products are harmless and non-toxic as a product at NTP (Normal Temperature and Pressure). However, not much is said about what happens when the FR treated host materials begin to decompose due to fire. It’s quite interesting to notice that. Because, they all generate gas, most harmful to breath for anyone.

How did the MHE® idea come about?

Many decades ago a representative of a large multi-national company visited the inventor Mats Nilsson of MHE® in his laboratory to see if he might have an idea about developing an absolutely toxic-free fire/flame retardant aimed for textiles and the consumer market. A quick research by Mats regarding existing number of FRs told him that everyone was based on the similar chemical concept and was not toxic-free.

The ‘light-bulb’ moment was when he wanted to know how a human body could handle both endothermic reaction as well as exothermic ditto without harm. Then the Krebs cycle opened the idea on how to create the organic MHE toxic-free FR. After the idea had been extensively tested, he knew how to proceed developing an absolutely toxic-free chemical composition to meet the market requirement. Yet he couldn’t see how it would be possible to only make one specific chemical composition to meet all different host material treatments. And as a result he had developed a tailor made patented chemical composition process aimed for each host material chemical composition.

MHE a World-First …

Today the Molecular Heat Eater (MHE) products are a world-first biodegradable, multi-award winning, worldwide patented FRs; which means they are an excellent and a uniquely naturally balanced, organic toxic-free FR.

And also renowned and guaranteed for being in harmony with chemistry in human, animal, plant and environmental metabolism (as in the Krebs Cyclethe cycle), which means that this extraordinary achievement is all because of the unique biomimetic balance, just like nature does it…

As such, and as a first-rate product; it is remarkably cost-effective, and genuinely toxic-free, has no migration of chemicals, and been extensively tested over two decades to be environmentally friendly and be the world-first patented truly biodegradable organic non-toxic FR, whist being certified to meet selected EU fire safety standards.

So why is MHE so different?

The primary difference with MHE® is that it succeeds in copying how the human body handle both exothermic and endothermic reactions in the food chain. And as such, some two decades ago, the first MHE® generation was born. Which meant that MHE® had been able to be developed into a patented cost-effective, absolute toxic-free, and eco-friendly FR for a number of different product applications. An only and a world first. Because of this, and to achieve these results, there has also been a continual strong and high focus on Krebs cycle with all enzymes that belong to it.

Since that beginning, more sophisticated chemical compositions have been developed, focusing on the host material in target and the released chemicals at decomposition with the relevant Patents issued. Based on that knowledge, the choice of carboxylic acids in chemical reactions with different alkali hydroxides are now used to achieve the chemical bonds required to get MHE® to begin decompose at the same temperature range as the host material in target begin to decompose. Remarkably unique, world-first, guaranteed biodegradable, tested and certified FR.

As such, today the numbers of carboxylic groups, respectively hydroxylic groups, are essential to combine correctly to achieve the expected MHE® characteristics after being in chemical reaction with the suitable alkali hydroxides, meeting requested fire safety data. Which means it’s a first-rate genuine toxic-free FR that you can confidently use.

Concentrations, quantities and pH are together important parameters to achieve requested fire safety standard functionality regarding MHE® FR treated host material in the target. The correct chemical processing equipment and standards required to meet the demands on a cost-effective MHE production are an important part of the process.

What’s the best way for you contact MHE today?

For more information or enquiries regarding MHE® or for your supply of MHE® to your environment asap, just initially email us at: info@mhe-bt.com remembering to outline your current needs, problems and situation and we’ll then connect you with the right person to help you with your MHE Fire and Flame Retardant solution.

 

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